A comparative study of Young's modulus of single-walled carbon nanotube by CPMD, MD and first principle simulations

JL Zang and QZ Yuan and FC Wang and YP Zhao, COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, 46, 621-625 (2009).

DOI: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2009.04.007

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), due to their exceptional magnetic, electrical and mechanical properties, are promising candidates for several technical applications ranging from nanoelectronic devices to composites. Young's modulus holds the special status in material properties and micro/nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) design. The excellently regular structures of CNTs facilitate accurate simulation of CNTs' behavior by applying a variety of theoretical methods. Here, three representative numerical methods, i.e., Car- Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD), density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD), were applied to calculate Young's modulus of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) with chirality (3,3). The comparative studies showed that the most accurate result is offered by time consuming DFT simulation. MID simulation produced a less accurate result due to neglecting electronic motions. Compared to the two preceding methods the best performance, with a balance between efficiency and precision, was deduced by CPMD. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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