Cross-plane phonon transport properties of molybdenum disulphide

ZY Wei and B Liu and CH Liu and KD Bi and JK Yang and YF Chen, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS, 48, 465303 (2015).

DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/48/46/465303

The cross-plane thermal conductivity of a molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) film is calculated from the nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulation. The results show that, unlike graphite which has a slow convergent speed, the thermal conductivity of MoS2 tends to a convergent value when the film thickness is beyond about 40 nm. We also construct the crossplane thermal conductivity of bulk MoS2 as an accumulation function of the phonon mean free path (MFP). It is found that phonons with MFPs below 40 nm contribute similar to 90% of the MoS2 cross-plane thermal conductivity at room temperature. This critical size of the phonon MFP is about two orders of magnitude smaller than that of graphite. Further calculations show that the shorter cross-plane phonon MFPs in bulk MoS2 may result from the lower phonon cut-off frequency and the mismatch of phonon density of state between Mo and S due to the mass difference. The phonon transport properties obtained would be helpful in the design and optimization of MoS2-based devices.

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