A new Monte Carlo model for predicting the mechanical properties of fiber yarns
XD Wei and M Ford and RA Soler-Crespo and HD Espinosa, JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICS AND PHYSICS OF SOLIDS, 84, 325-335 (2015).
Understanding the complicated failure mechanisms of hierarchical composites such as fiber yarns is essential for advanced materials design. In this study, we developed a new Monte Carlo model for predicting the mechanical properties of fiber yarns that includes statistical variation in fiber strength. Furthermore, a statistical shear load transfer law based on the shear lag analysis was derived and implemented to simulate the interactions between adjacent fibers and provide a more accurate tensile stress distribution along the overlap distance. Simulations on two types of yarns, made from different raw materials and based on distinct processing approaches, predict yarn strength values that compare favorably with experimental measurements. Furthermore, the model identified very distinct dominant failure mechanisms for the two materials, providing important insights into design features that can improve yarn strength. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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