Kapitza resistance and the thermal conductivity of amorphous superlattices
A Giri and PE Hopkins and JG Wessel and JC Duda, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 118, 165303 (2015).
We report on the thermal conductivities of amorphous Stillinger-Weber and Lennard-Jones superlattices as determined by non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. Thermal conductivities decrease with increasing interface density, demonstrating that interfaces contribute a non-negligible thermal resistance. Interestingly, Kapitza resistances at interfaces between amorphous materials are lower than those at interfaces between the corresponding crystalline materials. We find that Kapitza resistances within the Stillinger-Webber based Si/Ge amorphous superlattices are not a function of interface density, counter to what has been observed in crystalline superlattices. Furthermore, the widely used thermal circuit model is able to correctly predict the interfacial resistance within the Stillinger-Weber based amorphous superlattices. However, we show that the applicability of this widely used thermal circuit model is invalid for Lennard-Jones based amorphous superlattices, suggesting that the assumptions made in the model do not hold for these systems. (C) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.
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