Sodium Diffusion through Aluminum-Doped Zeolite BEA System: Effect of Water Solvation
H Kim and WQ Deng and WA Goddard and SS Jang and ME Davis and YS Yan, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 113, 819-826 (2009).
To investigate the effect of hydration on the diffusion of sodium ions through the aluminum-doped zeolite BEA system (Si/Al = 30), we used the grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) method to predict the water absorption into aluminosilicate zeolite structure under various conditions of vapor pressure and temperature, followed by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to investigate how the sodium diffusion depends on the concentration of water molecules. The predicted absorption isotherm shows first-order-like transition, which is commonly observed in hydrophobic porous systems. The MD trajectories indicate that the sodium ions diffuse through zeolite porous structures via hopping mechanism, as previously discussed for similar solid electrolyte systems. These results show that above 15 wt % hydration (good solvation regime) the formation of the solvation cage dramatically increases sodium diffusion by reducing the hopping energy barrier by 25% from the value of 3.8 kcal/mol observed in the poor solvation regime.
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