On the vibrational characteristics of single- and double-walled carbon nanotubes containing ice nanotube in aqueous environment
R Ansari and S Ajori and A Ameri, APPLIED PHYSICS A-MATERIALS SCIENCE & PROCESSING, 121, 223-232 (2015).
The properties and behavior of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in aqueous environment due to their considerable potential applications in nanobiotechnology and designing nanobiosensors have attracted the attention of researchers. In this study, molecular dynamics simulations are carried out to investigate the vibrational characteristics of single- and double-walled CNTs containing ice nanotubes (a new phase of ice) in vacuum and aqueous environments. The results demonstrate that formation of ice nanotubes inside the CNTs reduces the natural frequency of pure CNTs. Moreover, it is demonstrated that increasing the number of walls considerably reduces the sensitivity of frequency to the presence of ice nanotube inside CNT. Additionally, it is shown that increasing the length decreases the effect of ice nanotube on reducing the frequency. The calculation of natural frequency of CNTs in aqueous media demonstrates that the interaction of CNTs with water molecules considerably reduces the natural frequency up to 50 %. Finally, it is demonstrated that in the case of CNTs with one free end in aqueous environment, the CNT does not vibrate in its first mode, and its frequency is between the frequencies of first and second modes of vibration.
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