Applicability of Macroscopic Wear and Friction Laws on the Atomic Length Scale
SJ Eder and G Feldbauer and D Bianchi and U Cihak-Bayr and G Betz and A Vernes, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 115, 025502 (2015).
Using molecular dynamics, we simulate the abrasion process of an atomically rough Fe surface with multiple hard abrasive particles. By quantifying the nanoscopic wear depth in a time-resolved fashion, we show that Barwell's macroscopic wear law can be applied at the atomic scale. We find that in this multiasperity contact system, the Bowden- Tabor term, which describes the friction force as a function of the real nanoscopic contact area, can predict the kinetic friction even when wear is involved. From this the Derjaguin-Amontons-Coulomb friction law can be recovered, since we observe a linear dependence of the contact area on the applied load in accordance with Greenwood-Williamson contact mechanics.
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