Overcoming the structural versus energy dissipation trade-off in highly crosslinked polymer networks: Ultrahigh strain rate response in polydicyclopentadiene
DB Knorr and KA Masser and RM Elder and TW Sirk and MD Hindenlang and JH Yu and AD Richardson and SE Boyd and WA Spurgeon and JL Lenhart, COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 114, 17-25 (2015).
Ballistic performance, at effective strain rates of (10(4)-10(5) s(-1)), for polymeric dicyclopentadiene (pDCPD) was compared with two epoxy resin/diamine systems with comparable glass transition temperatures. The high rate response was characterized in terms of a projectile penetration kinetic energy, KE50, which describes the projectile kinetic energy at a velocity with a 50% probability of sample penetration. pDCPD showed superior penetration resistance, with a 300-400% improvement in ballistic energy dissipation, when compared with the structural epoxy resins. In addition, unlike typical highly crosslinked networks that become brittle at low temperatures, the improved pDCPD performance occurred over a very broad temperature range (-55 to 75 degrees C), despite exhibiting a glass transition temperature characteristic of structural resins (similar to 142 degrees C). In addition to the high T-g, pDCPD exhibited a room temperature glassy storage modulus of 1.7 GPa, offering the potential to circumvent the common structural versus energy dissipation trade-off encountered with conventional crosslinked polymers. Quasi-static measurements suggested that the performance of pDCPD is phenomenologically related to higher fracture toughness and lower yield stress relative to typical epoxies, while molecular dynamics simulations suggest the origin is the lack of strong non-covalent interactions and the facile formation of nanoscale voids to accommodate strain in pDCPD. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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