Dirac Cones in two-dimensional conjugated polymer networks
JJ Adjizian and P Briddon and B Humbert and JL Duvail and P Wagner and C Adda and C Ewels, NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 5, 5842 (2014).
Linear electronic band dispersion and the associated Dirac physics has to date been limited to special-case materials, notably graphene and the surfaces of three-dimensional (3D) topological insulators. Here we report that it is possible to create two-dimensional fully conjugated polymer networks with corresponding conical valence and conduction bands and linear energy dispersion at the Fermi level. This is possible for a wide range of polymer types and connectors, resulting in a versatile new family of experimentally realisable materials with unique tuneable electronic properties. We demonstrate their stability on substrates and possibilities for doping and Dirac cone distortion. Notably, the cones can be maintained in 3D-layered crystals. Resembling covalent organic frameworks, these materials represent a potentially exciting new field combining the unique Dirac physics of graphene with the structural flexibility and design opportunities of organic-conjugated polymer chemistry.
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