Nonlinear dynamic response of glass-forming liquids to random pinning
W Kob and D Coslovich, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 90, 052305 (2014).
We use large scale computer simulations of a glass-forming liquid in which a fraction c of the particles has been permanently pinned. We find that the relaxation dynamics shows an exponential dependence on c. This result can be rationalized by assuming that the configurational entropy of the pinned liquid decreases linearly upon increasing of c. This behavior is discussed in the context of thermodynamic theories for the glass transition, notably the Adam-Gibbs picture and the random first order transition theory. For intermediate and low temperatures we find that the slowing down of the dynamics due to the pinning saturates and that the cooperativity decreases with increasing c, results which indicate that in glass-forming liquids there is a dynamic crossover at which the shape of the relaxing entities changes.
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