Molecular dynamics simulations of grain boundary thermal resistance in UO2

TY Chen and D Chen and BH Sencer and L Shao, JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, 452, 364-369 (2014).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.05.035

By means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we have calculated Kaptiza resistance of UO2 with or without radiation damage. For coincident site lattice boundaries of different configurations, the boundary thermal resistance of unirradiated UO2 can be well described by a parameter-reduced formula by using boundary energies as variables. We extended the study to defect-loaded UO2 by introducing damage cascades in close vicinity to the boundaries. Following cascade annealing and defect migrations toward grain boundaries, the boundary energy increases and so does Kaptiza resistance. The correlations between these two still follow the same formula extracted from the unirradiated UO2. The finding will benefit multi-scale modeling of UO2 thermal properties under extreme radiation conditions by combining effects from boundary configurations and damage levels. (C) 2014 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.

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