Impact response of elasto-plastic granular and continuum media: A comparative study
RK Pal and PH Geubelle, MECHANICS OF MATERIALS, 73, 38-50 (2014).
A comparative study of the impact response of three-dimensional ordered granular sphere packings and continuum half-spaces made of elastic- perfectly plastic materials is conducted. Energy dissipation and plastic zone volume are characterized, and scaling laws with respect to material properties, size and loading variables are derived for both continuum and discrete (granular) systems. Due to stress concentration at contacts, energy dissipation in granular systems occurs at much smaller impact loads than in continuum systems. At higher impact loads, the fraction of energy dissipated and the extent of plastic zone are much larger in the discrete system than in the continuum case. Though the size of plastic zone is much larger in discrete systems, the volume of material involved in dissipating a fraction of impact energy is comparable for continuum and granular systems. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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