Low thermal conductivity in ultrathin carbon nanotube (2,1)
LY Zhu and BW Li, SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 4, 4917 (2014).
Molecular dynamic simulations reveal that the ultrathin carbon nanotube (CNT) (2, 1) with a reconstructed structure exhibits a surprisingly low thermal conductivity, which is only similar to 16-30% of those in regular CNTs, e.g. CNT (2, 2) and (5, 5). Detailed lattice dynamic calculations suggest that the acoustic phonon modes greatly soften in CNT (2, 1) as compared to regular CNTs. Moreover, both phonon group velocities and phonon lifetimes strikingly decrease in CNT (2, 1), which result in the remarkable reduction of thermal conductivity. Besides, isotope doping and chemical functionalization enable the further reduction of thermal conductivity in CNT (2, 1).
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