MD simulation of effect of crystal orientation and cutting direction on nanometric cutting using AFM pin tool

JJ Zhang and T Sun and YD Yan and YC Liang and S Dong, CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 20, 619-624 (2007).

DOI: 10.1088/1674-0068/20/06/619-624

Three-dimensional molecular dynamics simulations of nanometric cutting monocrystalline copper using atomic force microscopy pin tool are conducted to investigate the effect of crystal orientation and corresponding cutting direction on the deformation characteristics. EAM potential and Morse potential are utilized respectively to compute the interactions between workpiece atoms, interactions between workpiece atoms and tool atoms. The results reveal that the nanometric cutting processes are significantly affected by crystal orientation and cutting direction. Along the 110 cutting direction, better quality of chip pattern and smaller workpiece material deformation region can be obtained than along the 100 cutting direction. Cutting the workpiece material (110) crystal orientation, samaller chip volume and smaller subsurface deformed region can be obtained than cutting the workpiece material (100) crystal orientation. The variations of workpiece atoms potential energy in different cutting processes are investigated.

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