Rotating Phenyl Rings as a Guest-Dependent Switch in Two-Dimensional Metal-Organic Frameworks
CR Murdock and NW McNutt and DJ Keffer and DM Jenkins, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 136, 671-678 (2014).
A semirigid bis(1,2,4-triazole) ligand binds in a syn conformation between copper(I) chains to form a series of two-dimensional metal organic frameworks that display a topology of fused one-dimensional metal organic nanotubes. These anisotropic frameworks undergo two different transformations in the solid state as a function of solvation. The 2D sheet layers can expand or contract, or, more remarkably, the phenyl rings can rotate between two distinct positions. Rotation of the phenyl rings allows for the adjustment of the Closed tube size, depending on the guest molecules present. This "gate" effect along the ID tubes has been characterized through single. crystal X-ray diffraction. The transformations can also be followed by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and solid-state C-13 cross-polarization magic-angle- spinning (CP-MAS) NMR. Whereas PXRD cannot differentiate between transformations, solid-state C-13 CP-MAS NMR can be employed to directly monitor phenyl rotation as a function of solvation, suggesting that this spectroscopic method is a powerful approach for monitoring breathing in this novel class of frameworks. Finally, simulations show that rotation of the phenyl ring from a parallel orientation to a perpendicular orientation occurs at the cost of framework framework energy and that this energetic cost is offset by stronger framework solvent interactions.
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