Near-ideal strength in metal nanotubes revealed by atomistic simulations
MF Sun and F Xiao and C Deng, APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 103, 231911 (2013).
Here we report extraordinary mechanical properties revealed by atomistic simulations in metal nanotubes with hollow interior that have been long overlooked. Particularly, the yield strength in 1 1 1 Au nanotubes is found to be up to 60% higher than the corresponding solid Au nanowire, which approaches the theoretical ideal strength in Au. Furthermore, a remarkable transition from sharp to smooth yielding is observed in Au nanotubes with decreasing wall thickness. The ultrahigh tensile strength in 1 1 1 Au nanotube might originate from the repulsive image force exerted by the interior surface against dislocation nucleation from the outer surface. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
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