Reconsidering Dispersion Potentials: Reduced Cutoffs in Mesh-Based Ewald Solvers Can Be Faster Than Truncation

RE Isele-Holder and W Mitchell and JR Hammond and A Kohlmeyer and AE Ismail, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL THEORY AND COMPUTATION, 9, 5412-5420 (2013).

DOI: 10.1021/ct4004614

Long-range dispersion interactions have a critical influence on physical quantities in simulations of inhomogeneous systems. However, the perceived computational overhead of long-range solvers has until recently discouraged their implementation in molecular dynamics packages. Here, we demonstrate that reducing the cutoff radius for local interactions in the recently introduced particle-particle particle-mesh (PPPM) method for dispersion Isele-Holder et al., J. Chem. Phys., 2012, 137, 174107 can actually often be faster than truncating dispersion interactions. In addition, because all long-range dispersion interactions are incorporated, physical inaccuracies that arise from truncating the potential can be avoided. Simulations using PPPM or other mesh Ewald solvers for dispersion can provide results more accurately and more efficiently than simulations that truncate dispersion interactions. The use of mesh-based approaches for dispersion is now a viable alternative for all simulations containing dispersion interactions and not merely those where inhomogeneities were motivating factors for their use. We provide a set of parameters for the dispersion PPPM method using either ik or analytic differentiation that we recommend for future use and demonstrate increased simulation efficiency by using the long-range dispersion solver in a series of performance tests on massively parallel computers.

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