Structure and free volume of < 110 > symmetric tilt grain boundaries with the E structural unit
MA Tschopp and GJ Tucker and DL McDowell, ACTA MATERIALIA, 55, 3959-3969 (2007).
Atomistic simulations are used to investigate the structure and interfacial free volume of < 110 > symmetric tilt grain boundaries in copper containing the E structural unit from the Sigma 9(221)theta = 141.1 degrees grain boundary. In this work, a stereologically-based methodology is used to calculate the grain boundary free volume along with the spacing and connectivity of free volume. After generating the minimum energy equilibrium grain boundary, we examine (i) the grain boundary structure, (ii) a measure of free volume associated with the grain boundary, (iii) spatial correlation functions of the distribution of free volume, and (iv) images of grain boundary free volume distribution. Using the results from these calculations, the influence of free volume spatial distribution and grain boundary structure on dislocation dissociation and nucleation is briefly discussed for boundaries with the E structural unit subjected to tensile loading normal to the interface along with the potential implications of free volume connectivity. (c) 2007 Acta Materialia, Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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