Effect of triangular vacancy defect on thermal conductivity and thermal rectification in graphene nanoribbons

P Yang and XL Li and YF Zhao and HY Yang and ST Wang, PHYSICS LETTERS A, 377, 2141-2146 (2013).

DOI: 10.1016/j.physleta.2013.05.058

We investigate the thermal transport properties of armchair graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) possessing various sizes of triangular vacancy defect within a temperature range of 200-600 K by using classical molecular dynamics simulation. The results show that the thermal conductivities of the graphene nanoribbons decrease with increasing sizes of triangular vacancy defects in both directions across the whole temperature range tested, and the presence of the defect can decrease the thermal conductivity by more than 40% as the number of removed cluster atoms is increased to 25 (1.56% for vacancy concentration) owing to the effect of phonon-defect scattering. In the meantime, we find the thermal conductivity of defective graphene nanoribbons is insensitive to the temperature change at higher vacancy concentrations. Furthermore, the dependence of temperatures and various sizes of triangular vacancy defect for the thermal rectification ration are also detected. This work implies a possible route to achieve thermal rectifier for 2D materials by defect engineering. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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