Bulge test at nano-scale: The surface effects
TQ Lu and C Chen and KJ Zhao and WX Zhang and TJ Wang, APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 103, 053110 (2013).
Bulge test is an effective technique to measure the mechanical properties of thin films. As the membrane size decreases to nano-scale, the surface effect plays a significant role in determining the mechanical behavior of the membrane, and the techniques commonly used to measure the bulk materials properties are not applicable. We explore the surface effect on the nano-scale bulge test using combined continuum theories and atomistic simulations. We formulate the load-deflection relation by incorporating the surface effect and analyze its size- dependent behavior. The present theoretical model is in quantitative agreement with the molecular dynamics simulations. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
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