Mechanical response of nanoporous gold
D Farkas and A Caro and E Bringa and D Crowson, ACTA MATERIALIA, 61, 3249-3256 (2013).
We report the results of computational tensile and compressive tests for model bi-continuous nanoporous gold structures using atomistic simulations with empirical many-body potentials and molecular dynamics. The results are compared with the predictions of scaling laws for coarser-scale foams and with available experimental data. We find a surprising substantial tension/compression asymmetry in yield due to the surface stress that sets the filament under compression, providing a bias favoring yielding in compression. We provide a model for our results based on a ligament strength value close to the theoretical strength of Au, and the surface stress. The model predicts a significant tension/compression asymmetry for ligament sizes below, similar to 10 nm and pore collapse for ligament sizes below 1 nm. We also observe an unexpected compaction tendency under tension characterized by a decrease in the total volume of the sample of 15% for samples deformed under tension by 30%. The mechanism of the compaction involves a decrease in the average pore size and pore collapse resulting from plasticity within the ligaments. (C) 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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