Shear modulus of simulated glass-forming model systems: Effects of boundary condition, temperature, and sampling time
JP Wittmer and H Xu and P Polinska and F Weysser and J Baschnagel, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 138, 12A533 (2013).
The shear modulus G of two glass-forming colloidal model systems in d = 3 and d = 2 dimensions is investigated by means of, respectively, molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo simulations. Comparing ensembles where either the shear strain gamma or the conjugated (mean) shear stress tau are imposed, we compute G from the respective stress and strain fluctuations as a function of temperature T while keeping a constant normal pressure P. The choice of the ensemble is seen to be highly relevant for the shear stress fluctuations mu(F)(T) which at constant tau decay monotonously with T following the affine shear elasticity mu(A)(T), i.e., a simple two-point correlation function. At variance, non-monotonous behavior with a maximum at the glass transition temperature T-g is demonstrated for mu(F)(T) at constant gamma. The increase of G below T-g is reasonably fitted for both models by a continuous cusp singularity, G(T) proportional to (1 - T/T-g)(1/2), in qualitative agreement with recent theoretical predictions. It is argued, however, that longer sampling times may lead to a sharper transition. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4790137
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