Shape memory metamaterials with tunable thermo-mechanical response via hetero-epitaxial integration: A molecular dynamics study
KG Vishnu and A Strachan, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 113, 103503 (2013).
We show that nanoscale epitaxial superlattices (SLs) can be used to engineer the energy landscape that governs the martensitic transformation in shape memory alloys and tune their thermo-mechanical response. We demonstrate the approach using large-scale molecular dynamics simulations of a SL material consisting of alternate layers of a shape memory Ni-rich NiAl alloy and NiAl B2 alloy. The non-martensitic NiAl alloy was chosen to reduce the energy barrier that separates the martensite and austenite phases of the SL and its incorporation leads to a reduction in the thermal hysteresis of the transition. This is a desirable feature in applications involving actuation and our approach represents a generally applicable and powerful avenue to engineer desired behavior in mechanically active materials. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4794819
Return to Publications page