Simulation and modeling of the electronic structure of GaAs damage clusters
JE Moussa and SM Foiles and PA Schultz, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 113, 093706 (2013).
In an effort to build a stronger microscopic foundation for radiation damage models in gallium arsenide (GaAs), the electronic properties of radiation-induced damage clusters are studied with atomistic simulations. Molecular dynamics simulations are used to access the time and length scales required for direct simulation of a collision cascade, and density functional theory simulations are used to calculate the electronic properties of isolated damaged clusters that are extracted from these cascades. To study the physical properties of clusters, we analyze the statistics of a randomly generated ensemble of damage clusters because no single cluster adequately represents this class of defects. The electronic properties of damage clusters are accurately described by a classical model of the electrical charging of a semiconducting sphere embedded in a uniform dielectric. The effective band gap of the cluster depends on the degree of internal structural damage, and the gap closes to form a metal in the high-damage limit. We estimate the Fermi level of this metallic state, which corresponds to high-energy amorphous GaAs, to be 0.46+/-0.07 eV above the valence band edge of crystalline GaAs. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4794164
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