Carbon tri-interstitial defect: A model for the D-II center
C Jiang and D Morgan and I Szlufarska, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 86, 144118 (2012).
Using a combination of random configuration sampling, molecular dynamics simulated annealing with empirical potential, and ensuing structural refinement by first-principles density functional calculations, we perform an extensive ground-state search for the most stable configurations of small carbon interstitial clusters in SiC. Our search reveals a "magic" cluster number of three atoms, where the formation energy per interstitial shows a distinct minimum. A carbon tri- interstitial cluster with trigonal C-3 nu symmetry is discovered, in which all carbon atoms are fourfold coordinated. In addition to its special thermodynamic stability, its localized vibrational modes are also in a very good agreement with the experimental photoluminescence spectra of the D-II center in both 3C- and 4H-SiC. The D-II center is one of the most persistent defects in SiC, and we propose that the discovered carbon tri-interstitial is responsible for this center.
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