A continuously growing web-based interface structure databank
NA Erwin and EI Wang and A Osysko and DH Warner, MODELLING AND SIMULATION IN MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 20, 055002 (2012).
The macroscopic properties of materials can be significantly influenced by the presence of microscopic interfaces. The complexity of these interfaces coupled with the vast configurational space in which they reside has been a long-standing obstacle to the advancement of true bottom-up material behavior predictions. In this vein, atomistic simulations have proven to be a valuable tool for investigating interface behavior. However, before atomistic simulations can be utilized to model interface behavior, meaningful interface atomic structures must be generated. The generation of structures has historically been carried out disjointly by individual research groups, and thus, has constituted an overlap in effort across the broad research community. To address this overlap and to lower the barrier for new researchers to explore interface modeling, we introduce a web-based interface structure databank (www.isdb.cee.cornell.edu) where users can search, download and share interface structures. The databank is intended to grow via two mechanisms: (1) interface structure donations from individual research groups and (2) an automated structure generation algorithm which continuously creates equilibrium interface structures. In this paper, we describe the databank, the automated interface generation algorithm, and compare a subset of the autonomously generated structures to structures currently available in the literature. To date, the automated generation algorithm has been directed toward aluminum grain boundary structures, which can be compared with experimentally measured population densities of aluminum polycrystals.
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