Thermal and Transport Properties of Six Ionic Liquids: An Experimental and Molecular Dynamics Study
HJ Liu and E Maginn and AE Visser and NJ Bridges and EB Fox, INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 51, 7242-7254 (2012).
Experimental measurements and molecular dynamics simulations are used to determine the density, heat capacity, self-diffusivity, shear viscosity, and thermal conductivity of six ionic liquids over a range of temperatures. The ionic liquids examined are 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(perfluoroethyl)sulfonylimide (bmimPf(2)N), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethyl)sulfonylimide (bmimTf2N), 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethyl)sulfonylimide (bmmimTf2N), 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethyl)sulfonylimide (bmpyrTf2N), N-butyl-N,N,N-trimethylammonium bis(trifluoromethyl)sulfonylimide (N4111Tf2N), and N,N,N-trimethylammonium-N-butanoic acid bis(trifluoromethyl)sulfonylimide (N4111COOHTfN). The results of this work suggest that several of these ionic liquids have properties that would enable them to be successful high temperature heat transfer fluids. In particular, their energy storage densities and thermal conductivities are quite favorable when compared to conventional heat transfer fluids. The low temperature viscosities of the ILs are significantly higher than conventional fluids, but the viscosities drop rapidly with increasing temperature. The simulations, which are purely predictive, agree quantitatively with the experimental data for density and qualitatively for other properties. It is shown that the simulated thermal conductivity can be adequately correlated with density and molecular weight of the Tf2N-based ionic liquids.
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