A practical integral equation for the structure and thermodynamics of hard sphere Coulomb fluids

JW Zwanikken and PK Jha and MO de la Cruz, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 135, 064106 (2011).

DOI: 10.1063/1.3624809

A closure for the Ornstein-Zernike equation is presented, applicable for fluids of charged, hard spheres. From an exact, but intractable closure, we derive the radial distribution function of nonlinearized Debye-Huckel theory by subsequent approximations, and use the information to formulate a new closure by an extension of the mean spherical approximation. The radial distribution functions of the new closure, coined Debye-Huckel-extended mean spherical approximation, are in excellent agreement with those resulting from the hyper-netted chain approximation and molecular dynamics simulations, in the regime where the latter are applicable, except for moderately dilute systems at low temperatures where the structure agrees at most qualitatively. The method is numerically more efficient, and more important, convergent in the entire temperature-density plane. We demonstrate that the method is accurate under many conditions for the determination of the structural and thermodynamic properties of homogeneous, symmetric hard-sphere Coulomb systems, and estimate it to be a valuable basis for the formulation of density functional theories for inhomogeneous or highly asymmetric systems. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.3624809

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