A molecular dynamics and ab initio analysis of the electronic structure of single-walled carbon nanotubes adhered to a substrate
AG Van der Geest and Z Lu and MT Lusk and ML Dunn, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 109, 084316 (2011).
Single-wall nanotubes can adhere to planar surfaces via van der Waals forces, and this causes the tubes to deform. We use classical molecular dynamics to estimate this deformation and density functional theory to quantify its impact on electronic band structure. For (n,0) tubes, adhesion causes the maximum bandgap to rise more rapidly with diameter, but the value of the maximum is not affected. The influence of adhesion forces on bandgap was found to correlate with that associated with lateral, uniaxial compression for moderate values of adhesion energy and compressive distortion. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. doi: 10.1063/1.3569861
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