Structural phase transitions and mechanical properties of binary ionic colloidal crystals at interfaces
G Vernizzi and DS Zhang and MO de la Cruz, SOFT MATTER, 7, 6285-6293 (2011).
Electrostatic interactions are essential to designing self-assembled structures with unique symmetries and mechanical properties. These interactions can be modified by varying the effective charge of the molecules via the alteration of medium conditions including pH, salt concentration, or dielectric constant variations. In many situations, correlated ionic crystals form at liquid-liquid interfaces, on membrane surfaces, or at solid interfaces that adsorb charged molecules when such medium conditions are modified. In this paper, we determine the structure and mechanical properties, such as the Young's Modulus and Poisson's ratio, of stoichiometric 1 : 1-ionic crystals on surfaces as a function of the medium dielectric constant, which is modified by changing the solvent conditions in both theoretical calculations and simulations. We find that, at large values of the dielectric constant, the fully-packed hexagonal lattice has the lowest energy, while at small values of the dielectric constant the square lattice is the most favorable energetically. For square lattices, the Young's modulus along the direction of like-like charge particles is smaller than that along the direction of like-unlike charges, while its value remains isotropic in hexagonal crystals.
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