Frequency and polarization dependence of thermal coupling between carbon nanotubes and SiO2

ZY Ong and E Pop, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 108, 103502 (2010).

DOI: 10.1063/1.3484494

We study heat dissipation from a (10,10) carbon nanotube (CNT) to a SiO2 substrate using equilibrium and nonequilibrium classical molecular dynamics. The CNT-substrate thermal boundary conductance is computed both from the relaxation time of the CNT-substrate temperature difference, and from the time autocorrelation function of the interfacial heat flux at equilibrium (Green-Kubo relation). The power spectrum of interfacial heat flux fluctuation and the time evolution of the internal CNT energy distribution suggest that: (1) thermal coupling is dominated by long wavelength phonons between 0-10 THz, (2) high frequency (40-57 THz) CNT phonon modes are strongly coupled to sub-40 THz CNT phonon modes, and (3) inelastic scattering between the CNT phonons and substrate phonons contributes to interfacial thermal transport. We also find that the low frequency longitudinal acoustic and twisting acoustic modes do not transfer energy to the substrate as efficiently as the low frequency transverse optical mode. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. doi:10.1063/1.3484494

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