Evolution of structure and free volume in symmetric tilt grain boundaries during dislocation nucleation
Tucker, GJ (Tucker, Garritt J.); Tschopp, MA (Tschopp, Mark A.); McDowell, DL (McDowell, David L.)
ACTA MATERIALIA, 58 (19): 6464-6473 NOV 2010
Grain boundary evolution in copper bicrystals is investigated during uniaxial tension at 10 K. Grain boundary structures are generated using molecular statics employing an embedded atom method potential, followed by molecular dynamics simulation at a constant 1 x 10(9) s(-1) strain rate. Interfacial free volume is continuously measured during boundary deformation, and its evolution is investigated both prior to and during grain boundary dislocation nucleation. Free volume provides valuable insight into atomic-scale processes associated with stress-induced grain boundary deformation. Different boundary structures are investigated in this work to analyze the role of interface structure, stress state and initial free volume on dislocation nucleation. The results indicate that the free volume influences interfacial deformation through modified atomic-scale processes, and grain boundaries containing particular free volume distributions show a greater propensity for collective atomic migration during inelastic deformation. (C) 2010 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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