Supramolecular Polymerization of N,N ',N '',N '''-tetra-(Tetradecyl)-1,3,6,8-pyrenetetracarboxamide: A Computational Study
DB Korlepara and KK Bejagam and S Balasubramanian, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 121, 11492-11503 (2017).
The role of molecular dipole orientations and intermolecular interactions in a derivative of pyrene on its supramolecular self- assembly in solution has been investigated using quantum chemical and force field based computational approaches. Five possible dipole configurations of the molecule have been examined, among which the one in which adjacent dipole vectors are antiparallel to each other is determined to be the ground state, on electrostatic grounds. Self- assembly of this molecule under realistic conditions has been studied using MD simulations. Dipolar relaxation in its liquid crystalline (LC) phase has been investigated and contrasted against that in the well- established benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxamide (BTA) family. The dihedral barrier related to the amide dipole flip is larger in the pyrene system than in BTA which explains the differences in their dipolar relaxation behaviors. The mechanism underlying polarization switching upon the application of an external electric field in the LC phase is investigated. Unlike in BTA, this switching is not associated with a reversal of the helical sense of the hydrogen bonded chains, due to differences in molecular symmetry. The observations enable general conclusions on the relationship between electric field induced chiral enhancement and symmetry to be drawn.
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