Glass-Like Through-Plane Thermal Conductivity Induced by Oxygen Vacancies in Nanoscale Epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-delta
XW Wu and J Walter and TL Feng and J Zhu and H Zheng and JF Mitchell and N Biskup and M Varela and XL Ruan and C Leighton and XJ Wang, ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, 27, 1704233 (2017).
Ultrafast time-domain thermoreflectance (TDTR) is utilized to extract the through-plane thermal conductivity (Lambda(LSCO)) of epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-delta (LSCO) of varying thickness (<20 nm) on LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 substrates. These LSCO films possess ordered oxygen vacancies as the primary means of lattice mismatch accommodation with the substrate, which induces compressive/tensile strain and thus controls the orientation of the oxygen vacancy ordering (OVO). TDTR results demonstrate that the room-temperature Lambda(LSCO) of LSCO on both substrates (1.7 W m(-1) K-1) are nearly a factor of four lower than that of bulk single-crystal LSCO (6.2 W m(-1) K-1). Remarkably, this approaches the lower limit of amorphous oxides (e.g., 1.3 W m(-1) K-1 for glass), with no dependence on the OVO orientation. Through theoretical simulations, origins of the glass-like thermal conductivity of LSCO are revealed as a combined effect resulting from oxygen vacancies (the dominant factor), Sr substitution, size effects, and the weak electron/phonon coupling within the LSCO film. The absence of OVO dependence in the measured Lambda(LSCO) is rationalized by two main effects: (1) the nearly isotropic phononic thermal conductivity resulting from the imperfect OVO planes when delta is small; (2) the missing electronic contribution to Lambda(LSCO) along the through-plane direction for these ultrathin LSCO films on insulating substrates.
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