Aggregation-induced emission in lamellar solids of colloidal perovskite quantum wells
J Jagielski and S Kumar and MC Wang and D Scullion and R Lawrence and YT Li and S Yakunin and T Tian and MV Kovalenko and YC Chiu and EJG Santos and SC Lin and CJ Shih, SCIENCE ADVANCES, 3, eaaq0208 (2017).
The outstanding excitonic properties, including photoluminescence quantum yield (hPL), of individual, quantum-confined semiconductor nanoparticles are often significantly quenched upon aggregation, representing the main obstacle toward scalable photonic devices. We report aggregation-induced emission phenomena in lamellar solids containing layer-controlled colloidal quantum wells (QWs) of hybrid organic-inorganic lead bromide perovskites, resulting in anomalously high solid-state hPL of up to 94%. Upon forming the QW solids, we observe an inverse correlation between exciton lifetime and hPL, distinct from that in typical quantum dot solid systems. Our multiscale theoretical analysis reveals that, in a lamellar solid, the collective motion of the surface organic cations is more restricted to orient along the 100 direction, thereby inducing a more direct bandgap that facilitates radiative recombination. Using the QW solids, we demonstrate ultrapure green emission by completely downconverting a blue gallium nitride light-emitting diode at room temperature, with a luminous efficacy higher than 90 lumen W-1 at 5000 cd m(-2), which has never been reached in any nanomaterial assemblies by far.
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